Blepharitis is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the eyelids caused by an overgrowth of normal bacteria living along the eyelid and the base of the eyelashes.


Anyone can get blepharitis at any age, but the prevalence increases with age, since as we get older, we make fewer natural antibodies in our tears. This overgrowth of bacteria produces a biofilm that traps scurf and debris along the eyelashes and harbors bacterial toxins along the lid margin. These toxins penetrate the eyelid tissue causing low-grade inflammation which adversely affects the tear glands, turning down tear production. Fewer tears containing fewer antibodies allow even more bacteria to accumulate and a vicious cycle is established, leading to chronic irritation and dry eye. 

Since the eyelids are difficult to clean, this overgrowth of bacteria, biofilm, scurf and debris can accumulate over many years, and the induced inflammation can cause significant damage to the eyelid and tear glands.


Dr. Jessica Fleishman can safely treat this condition. She will clean and exfoliate your eyelids and lashes, which will control and improve your symptoms. More importantly, by completely removing the toxin-laden biofilm along the lid margin, Dr. Fleishman will help you avoid the long-term inflammatory damage to your tear glands, preventing chronic dry eye syndrome.