Diabetes can severely damage the blood vessels inside your eyes, causing a condition called diabetic retinopathy. As a diabetes sufferer, you’re also at risk for cataracts, glaucoma, and other eye problems. About 90% of blindness connected to diabetes is preventable, and that’s why you need help from the experts at the Center for Sight of New York in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn in New York City. The dedicated team of diabetic eye care specialists diagnose, monitor, and treat diabetic eye diseases of all types using the most advanced tools available today. Call the office or request an appointment online now.
Diabetic eye disease is an umbrella term that can refer to any eye disease connected to diabetes. The most common of these conditions is diabetic retinopathy, which often has a connection to other eye diseases.
In nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, the early form of diabetic retinopathy, damage to the tiny blood vessels inside your retina causes fluid and/or blood leakage. This leads to swelling in your retina, exudation (deposits in your retina), and potential symptoms like blurry vision.
Often, early nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy doesn't cause symptoms. But, it can potentially cause macular edema, in which the macula portion of your retina grows badly damaged due to swelling, which inhibits central vision.
Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy can also cause macular ischemia, in which your retinal blood vessels shut down. Without a normal blood supply, the macula doesn't function properly, and your central vision grows blurry.
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy causes the same problems as nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, along with neovascularization, the development of abnormal new blood vessels on your retina. The new blood vessels are dangerous because they're incredibly weak and vulnerable to leakage and breakage.
The blood vessels can potentially block your eye's internal drainage system, which can lead to fluid retention in your eye. This, in turn, causes an increase in eye pressure that can damage your optic nerve, a condition called neovascular glaucoma.
Scar tissue, the common result of blood vessel breakdown, can also trigger serious problems with your retina, including retinal tears and retinal detachment.
Diabetic eye disease can also include cataracts, as high blood sugar can trigger eye lens clouding.
The Center for Sight of New York team screens for diabetic eye disease during all dilated eye exams, and can then do advanced testing as needed. Center for Sight of New York uses advanced imaging tests like optical coherence tomographic (OCT) angiography, which produces detailed images of your inner eye and its blood flow, along with other specialized tests like retina-guided visual field tests to make your diabetic eye disease diagnosis.
Diabetic eye care includes regular check-ups at the frequency recommended by the Center for Sight of New York team. If you develop any diabetic eye disease, the team provides complete management and monitoring.
You may need treatments like injections, which can deter abnormal blood vessel growth in your eye, laser treatment, which can stabilize vision and inhibit further damage, or cataract surgery, which removes your cloudy eye lens. Center for Sight of New York also offers advanced surgery if you have retinal detachment or other urgent problems.
Call Center for Sight of New York or request an appointment online for diabetic eye care now.